The Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs

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Comprehensive Review

Smoke Gets in the Eye: A systematic review of case reports of ocular complications of crack cocaine useHemant Gohil, Miroslav Miskovic, Jane A. Buxton, Simon P. Holland, Carol Strike
1 August 2021 | DOI:

The effectiveness of technology‐based interventions for smoking cessation: An umbrella review and quality assessment of systematic reviews
Amanual Getnet Mersha, Michelle Bovill, Parivash Eftekhari, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Gillian S. Gould
6 April 2021 | DOI:

Communication of health risk in substance‐dependent populations: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials
Melvin C. W. Goh, Peter J. Kelly, Frank P. Deane, Dayle K. Raftery, Isabella Ingram
9 February 2021 | DOI:


Alcohol interventions for LGBTQ+ adults: A systematic review
Elena D. Dimova, Lawrie Elliott, Jamie Frankis, Laurie Drabble, Stacey Wiencierz, Carol Emslie
1 August 2021 | DOI:

The role of alcohol use in the aetiology and progression of liver disease: A narrative review and a quantification
Jürgen Rehm, Jayadeep Patra, Alan Brennan, Charlotte Buckley, Thomas K. Greenfield, William C. Kerr, Jakob Manthey, Robin C. Purshouse, Pol Rovira, Paul A. Shuper, Kevin D. Shield
30 March 2021 | DOI:

Advancing the science on cannabis concentrates and behavioural health
L. Cinnamon Bidwell, Renée Martin‐Willett, Hollis C. Karoly
30 March 2021 | DOI:

Original Papers

Ready2Change: Preliminary effectiveness of a telephone-delivered intervention program for alcohol, methamphetamine and cannabis use problems
Jasmin Grigg, Isabelle Volpe, Jonathan Tyler, Kate Hall, Belinda McPherson, Dan I. Lubman, Victoria Manning
3 August 2021 | DOI:

Drinking location moderates the association between social group size and alcohol consumption among young adults: An event-level study
Erin M. Anderson Goodell, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Florian Labhart, Johannes Thrul
7 July 2021 | DOI:

First- and second-hand alcohol-related harms among urban Chinese: A population-based study from Hong Kong
Jiazhou Yu, Timothy S. Sumerlin, William B. Goggins, Dong Dong, Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Jean H. Kim
29 June 2021 | DOI:

Determining clinical cutoff scores for the Australian Treatment Outcomes Profile psychological health, physical health and quality of life questions
Kristie Mammen, Llewellyn Mills, Rachel M. Deacon, Raimondo Bruno, Adrian Dunlop, Jennifer Holmes, Jennifer Luksza, Anthony Shakeshaft, Michael Farrell, Nicholas Lintzeris
29 June 2021 | DOI:

Disclosures of harming others during their most recent drinking session: Findings from a large national study of heavy-drinking adolescents
Tina Lam, Anne-Marie Laslett, Jane Fischer, Caroline Salom, Rowan P. Ogeil, Dan I. Lubman, Alexandra Aiken, Richard Mattick, William Gilmore, Steve Allsop
28 June 2021 | DOI:

Screening for risky drinkers among hospitalised inpatients using the AUDIT: A feasibility, point prevalence and data linkage study
Helen O'Brien, Rehana Di Rico, Emma Dean, Gemma Smoker, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Megan McKechnie, Paul M. Dietze, Joseph S. Doyle
28 June 2021 | DOI:

Recruitment, risks, rewards and regrets: Senior researcher reflections on working with alcohol industry social aspects organisations
Gemma Mitchell, Jim McCambridge
25 June 2021 | DOI:

Patterns of drinking in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as self-reported on the Grog Survey App: A representative urban and remote sample
Catherine Zheng, James H. Conigrave, Katherine M. Conigrave, Scott Wilson, Jimmy Perry, Tanya N. Chikritzhs, Michelle S. Fitts, K. S. Kylie Lee
21 June 2021 | DOI:

Associations between trust and drinking among adolescents
Lars Sjödin, Michael Livingston, Patrik Karlsson, Peter Larm, Jonas Raninen
20 June 2021 | DOI:

Continuing care following residential alcohol and other drug treatment: Continuing care worker perceptions
Isabella Ingram, Peter J. Kelly, Lenna J. Carradus, Frank P. Deane, Amanda L. Baker, Gerard Byrne, James R. McKay, Briony Osborne, Johanna M. Meyer, Jason L. Nunes, Laura D. Robinson, Joanne Lunn
16 June 2021 | DOI:

A long-brewing crisis: The historical antecedents of major alcohol policy change in Ireland
Matthew Lesch, Jim McCambridge
3 June 2021 | DOI:

Predictors of alcohol use during pregnancy in Australian women
Tracey W. Tsang, Melanie Kingsland, Emma Doherty, Amy E. Anderson, Belinda Tully, Kristy Crooks, Ian Symonds, Danika Tremain, Adrian J. Dunlop, John Wiggers, Elizabeth J. Elliott
1 June 2021 | DOI:

Risk of non-fatal overdose and polysubstance use in a longitudinal study with people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico
Carlos D. Rivera Saldana, Daniela Abramovitz, Meredith C. Meacham, Patricia Gonzalez-Zuniga, Claudia Rafful, Gudelia Rangel, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Javier Cepeda
27 May 2021 | DOI:

Strategies for engaging policy stakeholders to translate research knowledge into practice more effectively: Lessons learned from the Canadian Alcohol Policy Evaluation project
Kate Vallance, Tim Stockwell, Ashley Wettlaufer, Norman Giesbrecht, Clifton Chow, Kiffer G. Card, Amanda Farrell-Low
27 May 2021 | DOI:

Patients' beliefs towards contingency management: Target behaviours, incentives and the remote application of these interventions
Carol-Ann Getty, Tim Weaver, Michael Lynskey, Kimberly C. Kirby, Jesse Dallery, Nicola Metrebian
25 May 2021 | DOI:

Prevalence and correlates of alcohol dependence in an Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander representative sample: Using the Grog Survey App
Teagan J. Weatherall, James H. Conigrave, Katherine M. Conigrave, Jimmy Perry, Scott Wilson, Robin Room, Michelle S. Fitts, Noel Hayman, K. S. Kylie Lee
25 April 2021 | DOI:

Effects of self‐control, drug‐use peers and family attachment on drug use among Chinese users: A gender‐specific analysis
Serena Yunran Zhang, Jakob Demant
15 April 2021 | DOI:

Validation of the French version of the Cannabis Use Disorder Identification Test—Revised and comparison with the Cannabis Abuse Screening Test for screening cannabis use disorder in a psychiatric sample
Amandine Luquiens, Aurélie Berger‐Viergat, Agathe Larrieu, Laura Artigaud, Clémentine Fener, Simon Adamson, Vincent Laprévote, Benjamin Rolland
14 April 2021 | DOI:

The role of cannabis in pain management among people living with HIV who use drugs: A qualitative study
Koharu Loulou Chayama, Jenna Valleriani, Cara Ng, Rebecca Haines‐Saah, Rielle Capler, M.‐J. Milloy, Will Small, Ryan McNeil
11 April 2021 | DOI:

‘Money up in smoke’: The financial benefits of smoking cessation may be more motivating to people who are homeless than potential health gains
Cheneal Puljević, Aaron Snoswell, Lorena Rivas, Mohammed M. Ali, Wouter de Greef, Jason Ferris, Coral Gartner
7 April 2021 | DOI:

Increasing compliance with alcohol service laws in community sporting clubs in Australia
Peter Kremer, Nicholas Crooks, Bosco Rowland, Jessica Hall, John W. Toumbourou
5 April 2021 | DOI:

Feasibility and pilot efficacy of cognitive remediation for people in residential substance use treatment
Julaine Allan, Anna Thompson, Molly Carlyle, Matthew Thomas, Alice Medalia
29 March 2021 | DOI:

New Zealand roll‐your‐own smokers' reaction to novel roll‐your‐own tobacco packaging warning labels
Mei‐Ling Blank, Janet Hoek, Philip Gendall
28 March 2021 | DOI:

The geographic distribution of retail tobacco outlets in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Christopher N. Morrison, Juliet P. Lee, Daniel P. Giovenco, Brooke West, Irma Hidayana, Putu A. S. Astuti, Stephen J. Mooney, Ahuva Jacobowitz, Andrew Rundle
28 March 2021 | DOI:

Understanding non‐installers of the ignition interlock device: A qualitative analysis
Ann M. Romosz, Michael Scherer, Robert B. Voas, Eduardo Romano, Thomas H. Nochajski, Eileen P. Taylor, Meg R. Brogdale, Amy R. Manning
25 March 2021 | DOI:

The non‐government alcohol and other drug workforce in Australia: Findings from a national survey
Ann M. Roche, Natalie Skinner
16 March 2021 | DOI:

Trends in adolescent alcohol and other risky health‐ and school‐related behaviours and outcomes in Australia
Rakhi Vashishtha, Amy Pennay, Paul M. Dietze, Michael Livingston
14 March 2021 | DOI:

Impact of body mass and alcohol consumption on all‐cause and liver mortality in 240 000 adults in the United States
Jayadeep Patra, Charlotte Buckley, William C. Kerr, Alan Brennan, Robin C. Purshouse, Jürgen Rehm
8 March 2021 | DOI:

A multi‐methods yarn about SMART Recovery: First insights from Australian Aboriginal facilitators and group members
Elizabeth Dale, K. S. Kylie Lee, Katherine M. Conigrave, James H. Conigrave, Rowena Ivers, Kathleen Clapham, Peter J. Kelly
8 March 2021 | DOI:

Using social media comments to reduce alcohol purchase intentions: An online experiment
Jonathan K. Noel
7 March 2021 | DOI:

Characterising the patterns of and factors associated with increased alcohol consumption since COVID‐19 in a UK sample
Melissa Oldham, Claire Garnett, Jamie Brown, Dimitra Kale, Lion Shahab, Aleksandra Herbec
3 March 2021 | DOI:

Examining untreated and treated alcohol problem resolution in an Australian online survey sample
Richard Mellor, Kari Lancaster, Alison Ritter
1 March 2021 | DOI:

The longitudinal relationship between cannabis use and hypertension
Ahmed Haleem, Yoseob Joseph Hwang Tara Elton‐Marshall Jürgen Rehm Sameer Imtiaz
28 February 2021 | DOI:

Trends in cocaine use, markets and harms in Australia, 2003–2019
Nicola Man, Agata Chrzanowska, Olivia Price, Raimondo Bruno, Paul M. Dietze, Scott A. Sisson, Louisa Degenhardt, Caroline Salom, Leith Morris, Michael Farrell, Amy Peacock
24 February 2021 | DOI:

Awareness of fentanyl exposure and the associated overdose risks among people who inject drugs in a Canadian setting
Kanna Hayashi, Evan Wood, Huiru Dong, Jane A. Buxton, Nadia Fairbairn, Kora DeBeck, M.‐J. Milloy, Thomas Kerr
18 February 2021 | DOI:

The Canadian Alcohol Policy Evaluation project: Findings from a review of provincial and territorial alcohol policies
Kate Vallance, Tim Stockwell, Ashley Wettlaufer, Clifton Chow, Norman Giesbrecht, Nicole April, Mark Asbridge Russell Callaghan Samantha Cukier, Geoff Hynes, Robert Mann, Robert Solomon, Gerald Thomas, Kara Thompson
4 February 2021 | DOI:

‘Very demanding. Extremely rewarding’: Exploring the co‐occurrence of burnout and engagement in alcohol and other drug workers
Natalie Skinner, Ann M. Roche
3 February 2021 | DOI:

Substance use disorder and the baby boom generation: Does Berlin outpatient addiction care face a sustained change?
Sara Specht, Barbara Braun‐Michl, Larissa Schwarzkopf, Daniela Piontek, Nicki‐Nils Seitz, Manfred Wildner, Ludwig Kraus
28 January 2021 | DOI:

Crystal methamphetamine use among young people entering custody: Prevalence, correlates and comorbidity
Sharlene Kaye, Amy Lewandowski, Julia Bowman, Michael F. Doyle
5 November 2020 | DOI:


Zero-alcohol beverages: Harm-minimisation tool or gateway drink?
Mia Miller, Simone Pettigrew, Cassandra J. C. Wright
9 August 2021 | DOI:

The sector is ready, and the community needs Australian alcohol and other drug treatment services to ask about sexuality and gender identity
Jack Freestone, Julie Mooney-Somers, Suzie Hudson
9 August 2021 | DOI:

Coming of age: 21 years of providing opioid substitution treatment within an Aboriginal community-controlled primary health service
Bradley Freeburn, Summer Loggins, K. S. Kylie Lee, Katherine M. Conigrave
7 July 2021 | DOI:

Comments on Rossow: The alcohol advertising ban in Norway: Effects on recorded alcohol sales
Jon P. Nelson
29 June 2021 | DOI:

The alcohol advertising ban in Norway: A response to Nelson's comments
Ingeborg Rossow
29 June 2021 | DOI:

Genesis of change: Substance use treatment for forensic patients with mental health concerns
Daniel McFadden, Katrina Prior, Helen Miles, Sunny Hemraj, Emma L. Barrett
22 June 2021 | DOI:

Why we stopped using the term ‘aftercare’
Sarah J. MacLean, Gabriel Caluzzi, Mark Ferry, Andrew Bruun, Jennifer Skattebol, Joanne Neale, Joanne Bryant
27 May 2021 | DOI:

Was New Zealand's referendum to legalise cannabis premature?
Vivian Chiu, Wayne Hall
18 May 2021 | DOI:

Commentary on Rychert and Wilkins (2021) ‘Why did New Zealand's referendum to legalise recreational cannabis fail?’
Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
18 May 2021

The symbolic value of drugs may not favour rational policy decisions
Paul H. Lemmens, Ronald Knibbe
18 May 2021 | DOI:

Response to commentaries: The politics (and science) of cannabis law reform
Marta Rychert, Chris Wilkins
19 May 2021 | DOI:

Exploiting motherhood: Do mummy drinking sites offer real support or are they mainly alcohol marketing?
Linda M. Bosma, Norman Giesbrecht, Anne‐Marie Laslett
5 April 2021 | DOI:

Why did New Zealand's referendum to legalise recreational cannabis fail?
Marta Rychert, Chris Wilkins
7 March 2021 | DOI:

Moving away from piecemeal trends: The need for multiple data sources in drug use trend analyses
Joseph J. Palamar
18 February 2021 | DOI:

Brief Reports

Uptake of slow-release oral morphine as opioid agonist treatment among hospitalised patients with opioid use disorder
Thomas D. Brothers, John Fraser, Emily MacAdam, Brendan Morgan, Duncan Webster
4 August 2021 | DOI:

Postpartum heavy episodic drinking: A survey to inform development of a text messaging intervention
Sarah Dauber, Allison West, Cori Hammond, Ilana Cohen, Johannes Thrul
30 June 2021 | DOI:

The behaviour of alcohol-dependent drinkers of spirits during level 4 COVID-19 lockdown in Auckland, New Zealand
Carolyn Falkner, Hamish Neave
19 May 2021 | DOI:

Alcohol and other drug health‐care providers and their client's perceptions of e‐cigarette use, safety and harm reduction
Eliza Skelton, Ashleigh Guillaumier, Flora Tzelepis, Scott Walsberger, Christine L. Paul, Adrian J. Dunlop, Kerrin Palazzi, Billie Bonevski
28 March 2021 | DOI:

The alcohol advertising ban in Norway: Effects on recorded alcohol sales
Ingeborg Rossow
24 March 2021 | DOI:

Concordance between self‐reported and current hepatitis C virus infection status in a sample of people who inject drugs in Sydney and Canberra, Australia
Daisy Gibbs, Jason Grebely, Rachel Sutherland, Sarah Larney, Kerryn Butler, Paul M. Dietze, Mitchell Starr, Amy Peacock
23 March 2021 | DOI:

Attitudinal factors associated with drink counting
Leon Booth, Michelle I. Jongenelis, Catherine Drane, Peter G. Miller, Tanya Chikritzhs, Penelope Hasking, Gerard Hastings, Michael Thorn, Simone Pettigrew
14 March 2021 | DOI:

Could a drug‐checking service increase intention to use ecstasy at a festival?
Sherri Murphy, Stephen J. Bright, Greg Dear
7 March 2021 | DOI:

Non‐medical prescription opioid use and in‐hospital illicit drug use among people who use drugs
Gurjit S. Parmar, Kanna Hayashi, Seonaid Nolan, M.‐J. Milloy, Kora DeBeck, Hennady P. Shulha, Thomas Kerr, Lianping Ti
4 February 2021 | DOI:

Patterns of methamphetamine production among an international sample of methamphetamine ‘cooks’
Cheneal Puljević, Renee Zahnow, Isabella Benfer, Adam R. Winstock, Larissa J. Maier, Monica J. Barratt, Jason Ferris
10 November 2020 | DOI:


Special Section - Beyond self-reports: ways to obtain more comprehensive insights into substance use events

Estimating population-level of alcohol, tobacco and morphine use in a small Russian region using wastewater-based epidemiology
Vladimir V. Rozhanets, Phong K. Thai, Artemy S. Silantyev, Nikita A. Gandlevskiy, Jason P. Connor, Alexander A. Eganov, Mongjoo Jang, Andrey V. Pirogov, Oleg A. Shpigun, Aleksey Priadka, Alexander E. Nosyrev
8 June 2021 | DOI:

Alcohol intoxication incidence differences at companies in Lithuania
Daumantas Stumbrys, Ilona Tamutienė
1 June 2021 | DOI:

Characterising patterns of alcohol use among heavy drinkers: A cluster analysis utilising alcohol biosensor data
Rachel L. Gunn, Jon A. Steingrimsson, Jennifer E. Merrill, Timothy Souza, Nancy Barnet
14 May 2021 | DOI:

The identification of artefacts in reporting of drug‐induced deaths using structural breaks analysis of time series statistics
Benjamin Petruželka, Viktor Mravčík, Miroslav Barták, Thomas F. Babor
20 April 2021 | DOI:

Quantifying nicotine and alcohol consumption in New Zealand using wastewater‐based epidemiology timed to coincide with census
Sam Trowsdale, Mackay Price, Chris Wilkins, Ben Tscharke, Jochen Mueller, Tom Baker
14 March 2021 | DOI:

Alcohol and cocaine use prior to suspected suicide: Insights from toxicology
James Bailey, Nicola J. Kalk, Rebecca Andrews, Sarah Yates, Limon Nahar, Michael Kelleher, Susan Paterson
14 March 2021 | DOI:

Effects of stomach content on the breath alcohol concentration‐transdermal alcohol concentration relationship
Emily B. Saldich, Chunming Wang, I. Gary Rosen, Jay Bartroff, Susan E. Luczak
12 March 2021 | DOI:

How intoxicated are you? Investigating self and observer intoxication ratings in relation to blood alcohol concentration
Lauren A. Monds, Benjamin C. Riordan, Jayde A. M. Flett, Tamlin S. Conner, Paul Haber, Damian Scarf
24 January 2021 | DOI:

The value of identification scanner technology in monitoring and detecting banned patrons in entertainment precincts
Dominique de Andrade, Cheneal Puljević, Peter G. Miller, Nicholas Taylor, Ashlee Curtis, Jason Ferris
9 December 2020 | DOI:

Shooting shots: Estimating alcoholic drink sizes in real life using event‐level reports and annotations of close‐up picturesShooting shots: Estimating alcoholic drink sizes in real life using event‐level reports and annotations of close‐up pictures
Florian Labhart, Thanh‐Trung Phan, Daniel Gatica‐Perez, Emmanuel Kuntsche
17 November 2020 | DOI:

Combining transdermal and breath alcohol assessments, real‐time drink logs and retrospective self‐reports to measure alcohol consumption and intoxication across a multi‐day music festival
Thomas Norman, Amy Peacock, Stuart G. Ferguson, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Raimondo Bruno
10 November 2020 | DOI:

Feasibility and reliability of continuously monitoring alcohol use among female adolescents and young adults
Julie M. Croff, Micah L. Hartwell, Ashleigh L. Chiaf, Erica K. Crockett, Isaac J. Washburn
17 March 2020 | DOI:


Special Issue - Methamphetamine

Patterns of smoking and injecting methamphetamine and their association with health and social outcomes
Rebecca McKetin, Rachel Sutherland, Amy Peacock, Michael Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt
8 August 2021 | DOI:

Trends in treatment episodes for methamphetamine smoking and injecting in Australia, 2003–2019
Rebecca McKetin, Agata Chrzanowska, Nicola Man, Amy Peacock, Rachel Sutherland, Louisa Degenhardt
28 February 2021 | DOI:

A prospective cohort of people who use methamphetamine in Melbourne and non‐metropolitan Victoria, Australia: Baseline characteristics and correlates of methamphetamine dependence
Brendan Quinn, Bernadette Ward, Paul A. Agius, Rebecca Jenkinson, Matthew Hickman, Keith Sutton, Cristal Hall, Rebecca McKetin, Michael Farrell, Reece Cossar, Paul M. Dietze
11 November 2020 | DOI:

Parent and child co‐resident status among an Australian community‐based sample of methamphetamine smokers
Bernadette Ward, Rebecca Kippen, Andrea Reupert, Darryl Maybery, Paul A. Agius, Brendan Quinn, Rebecca Jenkinson, Matthew Hickman, Keith Sutton, Rachael Goldsmith, Paul M. Dietze
8 September 2020 | DOI:

Clinical and demographic characteristics of people who smoke versus inject crystalline methamphetamine in Australia: Findings from a pharmacotherapy trial
Rebecca McKetin, Brendan Quinn, Peter Higgs, Michael Berk, Olivia M. Dean, Alyna Turner, Peter J. Kelly, Dan I. Lubman, Gregory Carter, Amanda L. Baker, Victoria Manning, Tamsin Thomas, Ramez Bathish, Dayle Raftery, Lucy Saunders, Anna Wrobel, Alcyone Meehan, Barbara Sinclair, David Reid, Shalini Arunogiri, Harry Hill, Frank Cordaro, Paul M. Dietze
6 October 2020 | DOI:


Letters to the Editor
Finding stability amidst the COVID-19 pandemic: The impact of emergency temporary housing for people who use drugs
Eilish Scallan, Claire Bodkin, Jill Wiwcharuk, Tim O'Shea, Robin Lennox
16 June 2021 | DOI:

Initial experience with subcutaneous depot buprenorphine in a medically supervised injecting facility
Anthony Weeks, Shelley Cogger, Nico Clark
6 April 2021 | DOI:

Should we be using e‐vouchers to compensate research participants? Acceptability among opioid agonist treatment clients
Daniel T. Winter, Natalie White, Brennan Geiger, Paul S. Haber, Carolyn A. Day
25 March 2021 | DOI:


Drug and Alcohol Review - Clinician's Corner

DAR Front Cover

Assessing the impacts of a complex late-night alcohol intervention    





Alcohol consumption and intoxication in late night entertainment precincts have been a key concern for Australian public policy for many years. Governments try to balance competing agendas – reducing the harms associated with these precincts (predominantly violence, but also a wide range of other acute consequences), while trying to avoid unnecessary restrictions on businesses and patrons. A lack of robust scientific evidence on the impacts of interventions in these settings has made implementation of appropriate evidence-based policies difficult. After growing public debate about alcohol-related violence in Queensland, the state government introduced their ‘Tackling Alcohol-Fuelled Violence’ policy in 2016, with a suite of interventions aimed at reducing alcohol-related violence.

These measures were primarily implemented in 15 Safe Night Precincts (SNP), which are the major night-time entertainment precincts across the state, with high profile restrictions including a banning of alcohol sales after 3 am from July 2016 onwards (with a number of important exceptions, see below) and the use of mandatory, networked ID-scanners at all late-trading venues within SNPs from 2017. In a Special Section in the July issue of Drug and Alcohol Review, we present a series of articles from the QUANTEM study evaluating the impacts of the introduction of these interventions three years after the original policies were implemented. This evaluation work represents one of the most comprehensive attempts to assess the impact of night-time alcohol restrictions, covering more than 30 data sources capturing effects on outcomes ranging from violence and injury to impacts on business and live music.

Overall, we found encouraging reductions in some key measures. These included, for example, significant reductions in ambulance attendances and severe assaults in some key SNPs. These impacts were primarily observed in the larger population areas of Southeast Queensland, and especially in the key Brisbane SNP of Fortitude Valley. We also found no observable impacts of the interventions on business, with no marked reduction in patron or venue numbers, and a continued increasing trend in live music performances.

In general, the reductions in harms we identified were smaller than expected, especially given previous findings from Newcastle and Sydney in New South Wales. We hypothesise that the impacts of the Queensland interventions were somewhat reduced by crucial exemptions in their regulation. One such exemption included the ability for venues to use up to 12 Extended Trading Permits per year that allowed alcohol sales until 5 am (later restricted to six due to our research). Furthermore, casinos were exempted from the majority of restrictions, despite consistent evidence that these venues drive significant levels of late-night harm. Our findings also point to markedly different impacts of the interventions in different settings, suggesting that the appropriate mix of interventions to reduce late-night intoxication-related problems might vary between large capital city entertainment precincts and those in the regions.

Still, Queensland’s ‘Tackling Alcohol-Fuelled Violence’ policy produced measurable reductions in key harms without major impacts on the night-time economy. Our evaluation highlights the importance of assessing impacts across a variety of data sources and measures and provides a blueprint for future work assessing major alcohol policy interventions both in the night-time economy and more broadly.

Michael Livingston1, Kerri Coomber2, Jason Ferris3, Cheneal Puljevic3,4 and Peter G. Miller2


1Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia

2School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia

3Centre for Health Services Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

4School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia


QUANTEM Special Section

Miller PG, Coomber K, de Andrade D, Livingston M, Puljević C, Vakidis T, et al. Queensland Alcohol-related violence and Night-time Economy Monitoring (QUANTEM): Rationale and overview. Drug Alcohol Rev 2021;40: 693-7.

Livingston M, Coomber K, de Andrade D, Taylor N, Ferris J, Puljević C, Miller PG. Assessing the impact of Queensland's late-night alcohol restrictions using health system data. Drug Alcohol Rev 2021;40:698-707.

de Andrade D, Coomber K, Livingston M, Taylor N, Moayeri F, Miller PG, et al. The impact of late-night alcohol restrictions on ambulance call-outs in entertainment precincts. Drug Alcohol Rev 2021;40:708-16.

Coomber K, de Andrade D, Puljević C, Ferris J, Livingston M, Taylor N, et al. The impact of liquor legislation changes on police-recorded serious assault in Queensland, Australia. Drug Alcohol Rev 2021;40:717-27.

de Andrade D, Coomber K, Ferris J, Puljević C, Burn M, Vakidis T, et al. The impact of changes to alcohol policy on patron drinking behaviours in Queensland. Drug Alcohol Rev 2021;40:728-37.

Puljević C, Carah N, Miller PG, Wood B, MacFarlane C, Kilpatrick E, et al. The impact of the Queensland Government's Tackling Alcohol-Fuelled Violence Policy on live music performances in Fortitude Valley, Brisbane, Australia. Drug Alcohol Rev 2021;40:738-45.

Ferris J, Puljević C, Taylor N, de Andrade D, Carah N, Coomber K, et al. The impact of Queensland's Tackling Alcohol-Fuelled Violence Policy on nightlife and business trade. Drug Alcohol Rev 2021;40:746-54.

Miller PG, Coomber K, de Andrade D, Livingston M, Puljević C, Vakidis T, et al. Summarising the impacts of the Queensland Alcohol-related violence and Night-Time Economy (QUANTEM) project. Drug Alcohol Rev 2021;40:755-60.